Key points of the 10th Malaysian Plan

KUALA LUMPUR, Thursday 10 June 2010 (Bernama) -- The following are the key points of the 10th Malaysian Plan (2011-2015) released today:

Thrust

- Charting development for a high income nation
- 6% growth target
- Per capita income to increase to RM38,845 (US$12,139) by 2015
- Creating private sector-led economy
- Supporting innovation-led growth
- Full employment
- Restructuring of subsidies

Allocation

- RM230 billion: 60% physical development; 40% non-physical development
- Sector allocation: economic 55%, social 30%, security 10%, general administration 5%

Charting development for a high-income nation

10 big ideas:
- Internally driven, externally aware
- Leveraging on diversity internationally
- Transforming to high-income through specialisation
- Unleashing productivity-led growth and innovation
- Nurturing, attracting and retaining top talent
- Ensuring quality of opportunities and safeguarding the vulnerable
- Concentrated growth, inclusive development
- Supporting effective and smart partnerships
- Valuing environment endowments
- Government as a competitive corporation

12 National Key Economic Areas:
- Oil and gas
- Palm oil and related-products
- Financial services
- Wholesale and retail
- Tourism
- Information and communications technology
- Education
- Electrical and electronic
- Business services
- Private healthcare
- Agriculture
- Greater Kuala Lumpur

Attracting talent

- Talent Corporation to be set under PM's Department in 2011 to source global top talent including among Malaysian diaspora
- Simplify hiring of foreign talent
- Flexibility for foreign talent to change jobs
- Spouses of foreign talent to take up employment
- Exemption for foreign talent to bring in foreign domestic help
- No time limit on employment visa of skilled foreign talent earning more than RM8,000 per month
- Open visas to be issued to high skilled foreign professionals
- Highly skilled foreign professionals allowd to purchase houses costing RM250,000 and above
- National Talent Blueprint by 2011 to identify talent needs of priority economic sectors

Enhancing bumiputra's economic participation

- 30% target Bumiputera corporate equity remains
- Develop a Bumiputera commercial and industrial community
- Create stronger and more competitive industry champions
- Broadening wealth ownership to ensure sustainability
- Promoting Bumiputera representation in high-paying jobs through enhanced capability building and demand-side incentives

Employment

- To grow at 2.4% yearly to create 1.4 million jobs mostly in services sector
- Employment to reach 13.2 million jobs in 2015
- Full employment status with unemployment rate of 3.1% in 2015

Raising employability

- Standardised and recognition of Technical Education and Vocational Training (TEVT) by Malaysian Skills Certificate
- RM150 million to train 20,000 school dropouts
- RM7.5 million to train coaches, instructors and facilitators
- Strengthening performance culture in universities

Reforming labour market

- More flexible labour market
- Upgrade skills of existing workforce
- Enhance Malaysia's ability to attract and retain top talent
- RM80 million for Relief Fund for Loss of Employment from 2010 to 2012 to provide assistance to workers retrenched without compensation
- Part-Time Work Regulations under Employment Act 1955 to be introduced to tap workforce from amongst housewives, retirees and disabled persons
- Increase female labour force from 46% in 2010 to 55% in 2015
- RM500 million each to provide loans to workers and school leavers for training and skills upgrading
- RM50 million to continue the matching grants for training and skills upgrading of small and medium enterprise employees
- RM50 million to fund apprenticeships involving more than 8,000 students
- RM50 million to co-sponsor employees to obtain industrial PhDs
- RM350 million allocated to continue programme of partial financial assistance for PhDs in local universities started in 2009

Infrastructure to support growth/productivity

- Broadband penetration of 75% by 2015
- RM2.7 billion to build roads and rails leading to key ports and airports to improve trade efficiency and logistics systems
- Energy security through development of alternative sources i.e. hydro, coal and liquified natural gas by 2015

Inclusive socio-economic development

- Elevate livelihoods of 40% of households
- Ensure Bumiputera economic participation
- Reduce poverty from 3.8% in 2009 to 2% in 2015
- Raise average monthly income of bottom 40% of households from RM1,440 in 2009 to RM2,300 in 2015
- Increase percentage of SPM qualification and above in bottom 40% of households from 30% in 2009 to 45% in 2015
- Education assistance for children from bottom 40% of households

Social safety net

- Housing assistance for rural poor
- Affordable housing and low-cost housing expanded for urban/semi-urban poor
- Income support for eligible groups within 40% of households when subsidies are restructured
- Income support for disabled old and single mothers
- Encourage GLCs to tailor CSR programmes to target the needy
- 1Malaysia clinics expanded to urban poor and other underserved areas

Special target groups

- Halve poverty among Orang Asli communities in Peninsular Malaysia to 25% in 2015
- Reduce poverty among Sabah ethnic minorities from 22.8% to 12% and Sarawak ethnic minorities from 6.4% to 3%
- Financial assistance to Chinese new villages to renew land lease, upgrade homes and fund business
- Improve access to basic amenities in estates and re-skilling programmes for displayed estate workers

Basic infrastructure

- 6,312 km of new roads in Peninsular Malaysia, 2,540km in Sabah and 2,819 km in Sarawak to benefit 3.3 million people nationwide
- Clean water to 99% rural huseholds in Peninsular Malaysia, 98% in Sabah and 95% in Sarawak
- Electricity for rural areas almost 100% in Peninsular Malaysia and 99% in Sabah and Sarawak
- At least one 1Malaysia telecentre in every sub-district (mukim) to promote broadband

Building a progressive and more inclusive society

- Empowering women a key agenda by increasing numbers in decision making, labour force, support for widows, single mothers and low-income women
- Eliminating all forms of discrimination against women
- Youth development programmes to create generation of forward-looking, academic driven and career achievement generation
- National Youth Skills Institute (IKBN) skills courses to be expanded to offer greater options and also soft skills and leadership training
- Number of youth associations to increase from 5,000 to 11,500
- Protection of children to be enhanced through quality childcare services and enhanced rehabilitation centres and child welfare homes
- Community awaresness programmes to protect children interest
- Police screening for child carers to address issues of abuse
- Alert system similar to U.S Amber Alert bulletin for lost/missing children
- Emphasis on health and well-being of older persons to live dignified and fullfilling lives
- 100% tax rebate on costs to retrain older persons to be continued
- Database under Jobs Malaysia for older persons will be promoted to increase greater awareness for those looking for jobs
- Day care centres for older persons to be expanded
- Government to actively pursue 1% employment for persons with disabilities in civil service
- Government to look into establishing specialised learning institutions and vocational schools for persons with disabilities

Educational system

- Revamp education system to focus on implementation and delivery capability
- Reinforce importance of values and ethics in education system
- 181 Permata centres to be set up throughout country
- Pre-school enrolment to be increased from 87% by 2012 and to 92% in 2015
- Entry age for schooling to be lowered from 6+ to 5+ in line with many developed countries
- RM400 million for Literacy and Numeracy Screening (LINUS) programme between 2010 to 2012 to ensure all students have basic literacy and numberacy skills after first three years of primary education
- Strengthen learning of Bahasa Malaysia and English
- Investments in school infrastructure and facilities especially for rural schools in Sabah and Sarawak
- RM140 million to develop 100 high performing schools by 2012
- RM160 million for reward programme between 2010 and 2012 for head teachers and principals
- Leadership training for 14,000 school officials every year by Institute Aminiuddin Baki from current level of 8,000

Vibrant livable cities

- Making quality of life core of urban projects
- Planning communities and neighbourhoods
- Development to encourage living, working and leisure within same compact areas
- Focus on seamless public transport connectivity
- Pedestrian-friendly street network
- Open spaces and green corridors
- Restoration of rivers and waterfronts a priority in cities
- Enhance culture and arts scene
- Support for artists in form of creative grants/loans to create art enclave or perkampungan seni
- Encourage the hosting of international arts and cultural events
- Attract international talent to create, premiere, perform and exhibit in Kuala Lumpur
- Malaysia Truly Asia Centre to be developed as an iconic tourism destination to showcase Malaysian culture, art and heritage

People-centric public transport system

- Continued efforts to integrate transportation planning in local and national master plans
- Bus Rapid Transport (BRT) system to be considered to link growth centres in the Iskandar region of Johor
- Government will review potential of expanding Suruhanjaya Pengangkutan Awam Darat (SPAD) scope to Sabah and Sarawak pending successful implementation in Peninsula
- Cashless ticketing system across all 16 public transport operators in Greater Kuala Lumpur

Transforming healthcare

- Health Ministry to enforce quality care in both public and private sectors
- Review of financing options to manage rising cost and ensure healthcare remains accessible and affordable
- 197 new clinics costing RM637 million will be completed in first half of 10MP i.e. 156 clinics in rural areas and 41 community health clinic
- 50 additional 1Malaysia clinics to be set up in urban poor and over underserved areas
- Four new and four replacements hospitals costing RM600 million will be completed in first two years of 10MP. They include National Cancer Institute and the Cheras Rehabilitation Centre
- Mapping of existing healthcare providers to identify gaps to streamline health service delivery
- Mobile clinics, flying doctor services and village health promoters to be expanded to remote areas

Access to quality and affordable housing

- 161,00 new units of public housing
- Housing designs to incorporate Green Building design and technology
- 78,000 units low-cost public housing units for qualified individuals of less than RM2,500 per month
- One federal agency responsible for federally-funded housing instead of several ministries and agencies
- RM500 million to set up Housing Maintenance Fund to assist residents of both public and private low-cost houses for major repair and maintenance based on 50-50 matching grants from residents
- Government to continue assistance to rehabilitate abandoned projects

Solid waste management

- Federal government assumes full responsibility of solid waste management from local authorities
- Collection of household solid waste to be privatise to three concessionaires with contract negotiations expected to be completed by end 2010
- Other private operators to be licensed to operate solid waste management and public cleansing services
- Waste collection for households twice a week and daily for wet markets
- Existing 112 unsanitary landfills to be closed and rehabilitated, some to be upgraded to sanitary landfills

Safer streets and communities

- RM2.04 billion for programmes to encourage volunteerism to fight crime
- Reduce crime index by 5% yearly 2015 to cut overall crime by a quarter
- Increase volunteer police by 5,000 by 2015
- RM2.4 billion to upgrade police stations, living quarters and improve career prospects to motivate police
- Improve effectiveness of treatment of drug addicts to reduce crimes driven by drug abuse
- RM120 million to support Skim Rondaan Sukarela under Rukun Tetangga
- Expand Rakan Cop scheme for citizens to report crimes or suspicious behvaiour via SMS
- RM150 million allocated for Safe Cities Programme

Valuing the environment

- Renewable energy target of 98MW by 2015 to contribute 5.5% to total electricity generation
- Phasing out incandescent light bulbs by 2014 to reduce carbon dioxide emissions by 732,000 tonnes and reducing energy usage of 1,074 gigawatts a year
- States encouraged to gazette forests especially water catchment areas
- More trees to be planted with non-government organisations
- Step up implementation of Clean Air Action Plan
- Implement Central Forest Spine of 4.32 million hectares in Peninsular Malaysia and Heart of Borneo of 6 million hectares in Sabah and Sarawak
- National Tiger Conservation Action Plan to be implemented to increase protection and increase tiger population

MySinchew 2010.06.10